Esophageal Atresia is a rare birth defect whereby a baby is born without a portion of the esophagus, the tube that carries what we eat and drink to our stomachs. Infants have problems breathing and swallowing normally, making this defect life threatening. Approximately 1 in 2,500 to 3.500 newborns are affected. Current treatment involves surgery whereby the gaps of the missing portions of the esophagus are closed, and ends of the esophagus are reconnected. However, in some cases, the amount of missing esophageal tissue is too great for repair.